Understanding Islam – Importance of Dhu al-Qa’idah

إِنَّ عِدَّةَ الشُّهورِ عِندَ اللَّهِ اثنا عَشَرَ شَهرًا في كِتابِ اللَّهِ يَومَ خَلَقَ السَّماواتِ وَالأَرضَ مِنها أَربَعَةٌ حُرُمٌ ۚ ذٰلِكَ الدّينُ القَيِّمُ ۚ فَلا تَظلِموا فيهِنَّ أَنفُسَكُم ۚ وَقاتِلُوا المُشرِكينَ كافَّةً كَما يُقاتِلونَكُم كافَّةً ۚ وَاعلَموا أَنَّ اللَّهَ مَعَ المُتَّقينَ

“There are twelve months with Allah in the Book of Allah, from the day He first created the heavens and earth. Four of them are sacred. That is the true religion and way of life. So do not wrong one another during them. However, fight the idolaters totally just as they fight you totally, and know that Allah is with those who have piety.”Qur’an 9: 36

وقال علي بن أبي طلحة، عن ابن عباس قوله {إِنَّ عِدَّةَ الشُّهُورِ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ اثْنَا عَشَرَ شَهْرًا} الآية {فَلا تَظْلِمُوا فِيهِنَّ أَنْفُسَكُمْ} في كلِّهن، ثم اختص من ذلك أربعة أشهر فجعلهن حراما، وعَظم حُرُماتهن، وجعل الذنب فيهن أعظم، والعمل الصالح والأجر أعظم

Ibn ‘Abbas reports concerning the verse “There are twelve months with Allah in the Book of Allah” until “So do not wrong one another during them”, meaning “in any of them”, and then He specified four months from those and he made them sacred, and He emphasized their sacredness, and made sins in them magnified, and righteous actions and the reward is likewise magnified. — Tafsir Ibn Kathir, #4/148

Dhu al-Qa’idah is the second to last month of Islamic calendar. It is taken from the word “qa’ada (قعد)” which means “to sit” or “take a seat”.

Dhu al-Qa’idah is also one of the sacred months in which fighting was prohibited unless one is provoked.

The individuals additionally used to stop their personal and business activities amid this month and sit and get ready for the Hajj.

Events Occur in Dhu al-Qa’idah:

  • In the year 5 A.H, The battle of Khandaq and Ahzab took place.
  • In the year 6 A.H the Treaty of Hudaybiyah.
  • In the year 7 A.H, The Prophet Muhammad and his Companions came to Makkah to perform Umrah.

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